Results of a recent study suggest that balloon kyphoplasty provides better pain relief and more back-specific mobility one month after treatment than non-surgical care in multiple myeloma patients and other cancer patients with spinal fractures.
The study suggested that balloon kyphoplasty be considered as an early treatment option for cancer patients with vertebral compression fractures.
One of the hallmarks of multiple myeloma is bone disease, which causes bone pain, bone fractures or lesions, and increased calcium levels. Myeloma bone disease often causes bone loss or weakening, which may result in bone fractures in the spine due to compression of the vertebrae. These vertebral compression fractures may cause back pain, partial paralysis of limbs, decreased sensation, and poor urinary control.
Patients with spinal fractures may be treated with non-surgical methods. However, there are several disadvantages to treating spinal fractures exclusively with non-surgical practices, including limitations in efficacy and serious side effects that accompany some pain-relieving medications.
As a result, researchers are currently investigating whether vertebral compression fractures can be treated more effectively and safely with a surgical procedure known as balloon kyphoplasty. During the procedure, a small balloon is inserted into the fractured vertebra and inflated, creating a space that is later filled with an acrylic cement to stabilize and strengthen the vertebral structure.
The researchers found that patients treated with kyphoplasty experienced a significant improvement in back pain seven days after the procedure, which continued through the one-month assessment mark. At one month, fewer patients in the kyphoplasty group used medication for pain relief than in the non-surgical care group.
Researchers also evaluated the patient's ability to care for themselves on their own. Of the patients treated with kyphoplasty, 75% had scores that indicated an ability to care for oneself, compared to 39% of the patients treated with non-surgical methods.
Patients in the kyphoplasty treatment group additionally reported improvement in quality of life.
For more information on kyphoplasty, contact Franklin Pain and Wellness Center.
Sourece: More information on the study - The Myeloma Beacon